Human trafficking affects both adults and children, men and women, and people from all parts of Texas, the United States, and around the world.
There are four major types of trafficking:
Adult Sex Trafficking - Trafficking of adults for sex by force, fraud, or coercion in strip clubs, brothels, massage parlors, street prostitution, or internet prostitution
Adult Labor Trafficking - Trafficking adults for labor by force, fraud, or coercion into industries, such as agriculture, food service, manufacturing, domestic servitude, or hospitality
Child Sex Trafficking - Trafficking children, under the age of 18, by any means into the commercial sex industry
Child Labor Trafficking - Trafficking children, under the age of 18, by force, fraud or coercion into industries such as agriculture, food service, manufacturing, domestic servitude, or hospitality
There is no one particular look to a trafficker. Traffickers are people who are willing to treat other people like objects or commodities that they can buy, sell, or exploit for their own benefit. They can be:
There are several red flags that someone is being forced into labor trafficking, including:
Children can be victims of sex trafficking. Important red flags to look for include:
Important red flags to look for:
Myth: We live in a slavery free world.
Reality: There are more people enslaved today than there were at the time of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. There are 25 million people enslaved worldwide with another 15 million in forced marriages. (See the International Labour Organization 2017 report.)
Myth: Trafficking is a crime all about movement, immigration, and 18-wheelers.
Reality: Smuggling and Trafficking are two distinct crimes. Smuggling is a crime against the border where someone enters a country without the appropriate documentation, typically by paying someone else to smuggle them across the border. It requires transport and movement from one country to another, and both the person coming in without permission as well as the person bringing them are committing a crime.
Trafficking on the other hand does not require movement. You can be trafficked in your own home, and you can be trafficked in your own country by a fellow U.S. citizen. For example: A mother who brings people to her home to have sex with her underage child is trafficking the child even though the child never leaves the house. Only the trafficker is committing a crime when they exploit someone else for forced labor or forced sex.
Myth: This doesn’t happen in my hometown.
Reality: Trafficking is occurring in cities and towns all across Texas.
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